Lab Experiments
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National Science Day 2021-22 

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Scientific Description

  • Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium.

  • This Disease is uncommon in temperate climates, malaria is still common in tropical and subtropical countries.

  • Malaria can damage the kidneys or liver or cause the spleen to rupture. Any of these conditions can be life-threatening. Malaria may result in not having enough red blood cells for an adequate supply of oxygen to your body's tissues.

  • Some population groups are at higher risk of contracting malaria, and developing severe disease, than others.

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History of Malaria

  • The name malaria derived from mal aria ('bad air' in Medieval Italian). This idea came from the Ancient Romans who thought that this disease came from pestilential fumes in the swamps.

  • Dr. Alphonse Laveran, discovered the Malaria parasite in 1880, but Sir Ronald Ross was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1902 for his work on malaria (showed how malaria enters an organism).

  • The discovery of a potent antimalarial treatment was by Youyou Tu of China, she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine, is “one of the greatest examples of the century”.

  • She turned to ancient Chinese medical texts from the Zhou, Qing, and Han Dynasties to find a traditional cure for malaria, ultimately extracting a compound – artemisinin – that has saved millions of lives.

  • It took two decades, but finally the WHO recommended artemisinin combination therapy as the first line of defense against malaria.